Commit d7d14bf7 authored by Xavier Guimard's avatar Xavier Guimard

LEMONLDAP::NG : branch trunk/build/lemonldap-ng

parent cf4f11b7
Lemonldap::NG is a modular Web-SSO based on Apache::Session modules. It
simplifies the build of a protected area with a few changes in the application.
It manages both authentication and authorization and provides headers for
accounting. So you can have a full AAA protection.
See README file to known how it works.
The proposed example use a protected site named Non
authenticated users are redirected to
1.1 - PREREQ
1.1.1 - Software
To use Lemonldap::NG, you have to run a LDAP server and of course an Apache
server compiled with mod-perl (version 1.3 or 2.x). Generaly, the version of
Apache proposed with your Linux distribution match, but some distributions used
an experimental version of mod_perl with Apache2 (mod_perl-1.99) which does
not work with Lemonldap::NG. With such distributions (like Debian-3.1), you
have to use Apache-1.3 or to use a mod_perl backport (
package for Debian works fine).
1.1.2 - Perl prereq
Perl modules:
Apache::Session, Net::LDAP, MIME::Base64, CGI, LWP::UserAgent, Cache::Cache,
DBI, XML::Simple, SOAP::Lite (only if you want to use SOAP with the manager)
With Debian:
apt-get install libapache-session-perl libnet-ldap-perl libcache-cache-perl \
libdbi-perl perl-modules libwww-perl libcache-cache-perl \
# If you want to use SOAP with the manager:
apt-get install libsoap-lite-perl
1.2.1 - Complete install
$ tar xzf lemonldap-ng-*.tar.gz
$ cd lemonldap-ng-*
$ make && make test
$ sudo make install
$ make example
1.2.2 - Install on Debian
$ tar xzf lemonldap-ng-*.tar.gz
$ cd lemonldap-ng-*
$ debuild
$ sudo dpkg -i ../lemonldap-ng*.deb
After build, you have a new file named example/apache.conf. You just have to
include this file in Apache configuration:
# in httpd.conf (with Apache1)
include /path/to/lemonldap-ng/source/example/apache.conf
# or in apache2.conf (with Apache2)
include /path/to/lemonldap-ng/source/example/apache2.conf
Modify your /etc/hosts file to include:
Edit /path/to/lemonldap-ng/source/example/conf/lmConfig-1 and specify your LDAP
settings. If you don't set managerDn and managerPassword, Lemonldap::NG will
use an anonymous bind to find user dn.
(Debian users: /usr/share/doc/lemonldap-ng/example/conf/lmConfig-1)
* only few parameters can be set by hand in the configuration file. You have
to use the manager to change configuration, but since the example is yet
configured, you can edit directly the file
* each new configuration is saved by the manager in a new file (or a new
record with DBI) so you can recover an old configuration by removing
Next, restart Apache use your prefered browser and try to connect to You'll be redirect to Try
to authenticate yourself with a valid account and the protected page will
appear. You will find other explanations on this page.
Configuration can be modified by connecting your browser to
2.1 - PREREQ
2.1.1 - Apache
To use Lemonldap::NG, you have to run a LDAP server and of course an Apache
server compiled with mod-perl (version 1.3 or 2.x). Generaly, the version of
Apache proposed with your Linux distribution match, but some distributions used
an experimental version of mod_perl with Apache2 (mod_perl-1.99) which does
not work with Lemonldap::NG. With such distributions (like Debian-3.1), you
have to use Apache-1.3 or to use a mod_perl backport (
package for Debian works fine).
For Apache2, you can use both mpm-worker and mpm-prefork. Mpm-worker works
faster and Lemonldap::NG use the thread system for best performance. If you
have to use mpm-prefork (for example if you use PHP), Lemonldap::NG will work
You can use Lemonldap::NG in an heterogene world: the authentication portal and
the manager can work in any version of Apache 1.3 or more even if mod_perl is
not compiled, with ModPerl::Registry or not... Only the handler (site protector)
need mod_perl. The different handlers can run on different servers with
different versions of Apache/mod_perl.
2.1.2 - Perl prereq
Warning: Handler and Portal parts both need Lemonldap::NG::Manager components
to access to configuration.
CGI, XML::Simple, DBI, LWP::UserAgent (and SOAP::Lite if you want to use SOAP)
With Debian:
apt-get install perl-modules libxml-simple-perl libdbi-perl libwww-perl
# If you want to use SOAP
apt-get install libsoap-lite-perl
Apache::Session, Net::LDAP, CGI, Lemonldap::NG::Manager
With Debian:
apt-get install libapache-session-perl libnet-ldap-perl perl-modules
Apache::Session, LWP::UserAgent, Cache::Cache, Lemonldap::NG::Manager
With Debian:
apt-get install libapache-session-perl libwww-perl libcache-cache-perl
If you just want to install a handler or a portal or a manager:
$ tar xzf lemonldap-ng-*.tar.gz
$ cd lemonldap-ng-*/Lemonldap-NG-(Portal|Handler|Manager)
$ perl Makefile.PL && make && make test
$ sudo make install
else for a complete install:
$ tar xzf lemonldap-ng-*.tar.gz
$ cd lemonldap-ng-*
$ make && make test
$ sudo make install
See prereq in §1.1.2
2.3.1 - Database configuration - Lemonldap::NG Configuration database
If you use DBI or another system to share Lemonldap::NG configuration, you have
to initialize the database. An example is given in example/lmConfig.mysql for
MySQL. - Apache::Session database
The choice of Apache::Session::* module is free. See Apache::Session::Store::*
or Apache::Session::* to know how to configure the module. For example, if you
want to use Apache::Session::MySQL, you can create the database like this:
id char(32),
a_session text
2.3.2 - Manager configuration
Copy example/manager.cgi and personalize it if you want (see
Lemonldap::NG::Manager). You have to set in particular configStorage. For
example with MySQL:
$my $manager = Lemonldap::NG::Manager->new ( {
dbiChain => "DBI:mysql:database=mybase;host=",
dbiUser => "lemonldap-ng",
dbiPassword => "mypass",
} );
Securise Manager access with Apache: Lemonldap does not securise the manager
itself yet:
SSLEngine On
Order Deny, Allow
Deny from all
Allow from admin-network/netmask
AuthType Basic
After configuration, you can also protect the manager with an Lemonldap::NG
2.3.3 - Configuration edition
Connect to the manager with your browser start configure your Web-SSO. You have
to set at least some parameters:
a) General parameters :
* Authentication parameters -> portal : URL to access to the authentication
* Domain : the cookie domain. All protected VirtualHosts have to be under it
* LDAP parameters -> LDAP Server
* LDAP parameters -> LDAP Accout and password : required only if anonymous
binds are not accepted
* Session Storage -> Apache::Session module : how to store user sessions.
You can use all module that
inherit from Apache::Session
like Apache::Session::MySQL
* Session Storage -> Apache::Session Module parameters :
see Apache::Session::<Choosen module>
b) User groups :
Use the "New Group" button to add your first group. On the left, set the
keyword which will be used later and set on the right the corresponding rule:
you can use :
* an LDAP filter (it will be tested with the user uid)
* a Perl condition enclosed with {}. All variables declared in "General
parameters -> LDAP attributes" can be used with a "$". For example:
MyGroup / { $uid eq "foo" or $uid eq "bar" }
c) Virtual hosts
You have to create a virtual host for each Apache host (virtual or real)
protected by Lemonldap::NG even if just a sub-directory is protected. Else,
user who want to access to the protected area will be rejected with a "500
Internal Server Error" message and the apache logs will explain the problem.
Each virtual host has 2 groups of parameters:
* Headers: the headers added to the apache request. Default :
Auth-User => $uid
* Rules: subdivised in 2 categories:
* default : the default rule
* personalized rules: association of a Perl regular expression and
a condition. For example:
^/restricted.*$ / $groups =~ /\bMyGroup\b/
Lemonldap::NG uses simply the Apache log system. So use LogLevel to choose
information to display.
all: handler manager portal
handler: handler_conf
touch handler
portal: portal_conf
touch portal
manager: manager_conf
touch manager
configure: handler_conf portal_conf manager_conf
touch handler_conf
touch portal_conf
touch manager_conf
test: manager_test handler_test portal_test
manager_test: manager
handler_test: handler
portal_test: portal
install: handler_install portal_install manager_install
handler_install: handler
$(MAKE) -C ${HANDLERDIR} install
touch handler_install
portal_install: portal
$(MAKE) -C ${PORTALDIR} install
touch portal_install
manager_install: manager
$(MAKE) -C ${MANAGERDIR} install
touch manager_install
distclean: clean
clean: handler_clean portal_clean manager_clean
rm -rf example
find . -name '*.gz' -exec rm -vf {} \;
- $(MAKE) -C ${HANDLERDIR} distclean
rm -vf handler*
- $(MAKE) -C ${PORTALDIR} distclean
rm -vf portal*
- $(MAKE) -C ${MANAGERDIR} distclean
rm -vf manager*
example: all
mkdir -p example/portal example/manager example/handler example/conf
chmod 1777 example/conf
cp -a ${HANDLERDIR}/example/* example/handler
cp -a ${PORTALDIR}/example/* example/portal
cp -a ${MANAGERDIR}/example/* example/manager
cp -a _example/* example
find ${EXAMPLEDIRBUILD} -type f -exec perl -i -pe 's#__DIR__/?#'${EXAMPLEDIR}'#g' {} \;
@echo "Example is ready."
@echo "1 - Add this in your Apache configuration file:"
@echo " with Apache-1.3.x"
@echo " include ${EXAMPLEDIR}apache.conf"
@echo " or with Apache-2.x:"
@echo " include ${EXAMPLEDIR}apache2.conf"
@echo "2 - Add and in yout /etc/hosts :"
@echo " cat example/for_etc_hosts >> /etc/hosts"
@echo "3 - edit ${EXAMPLEDIR}/conf/lmConf-1 and set ldapServer and ldapBase."
@echo " or use the manager at (after apache restart)"
@echo "4 - Restart Apache (or Apache2)"
@echo "5 - Try to connect to"
uninstall: configure handler_uninstall portal_uninstall manager_uninstall
handler_uninstall: handler
$(MAKE) -C ${HANDLERDIR} uninstall
rm -vf handler_uninstall
portal_uninstall: portal
$(MAKE) -C ${PORTALDIR} uninstall
rm -vf portal_uninstall
manager_uninstall: manager
$(MAKE) -C ${MANAGERDIR} uninstall
rm -vf manager_uninstall
- $(MAKE) clean
mkdir -p lemonldap-ng-$(VERSION)
- cp -a * lemonldap-ng-$(VERSION)
rm -rf lemonldap-ng-$(VERSION)/lemonldap-ng-$(VERSION)
tar czf lemonldap-ng-$(VERSION).tar.gz lemonldap-ng-$(VERSION)
rm -rf lemonldap-ng-$(VERSION)
cpan: configure handler_cpan portal_cpan manager_cpan
handler_cpan: handler_conf
mv ${HANDLERDIR}/Lemonldap*.gz .
portal_cpan: portal_conf
$(MAKE) -C ${PORTALDIR} dist
mv ${PORTALDIR}/Lemonldap*.gz .
manager_cpan: manager_conf
mv ${MANAGERDIR}/Lemonldap*.gz .
static_example: example
mkdir -p example/static
cd example/static/;ln -s ../manager/imgs;cd -
scripts/ example/manager/ example/static/index.html $(EXAMPLELANG)
Lemonldap::NG is a modular Web-SSO based on Apache::Session modules. It
simplifies the build of a protected area with a few changes in the application.
It manages both authentication and authorization and provides headers for
accounting. So you can have a full AAA protection for your web space as
described below.
1 - Installation
2 - Authentication, Authorization and Accounting mechanisms
2.1 - Authentication
2.2 - Authorization
2.3 - Accounting
3 - Session storage system
4 - Author
5 - Copyright and licence
Lemonldap::NG is a different project than Lemonldap and contains all you need
to use and administer it. So softwares, like Lemonldap webmin module, may not
work with Lemonldap::NG.
The Apache module part (Lemonldap::NG::Handler) works both with Apache 1.3.x
and 2.x ie mod_perl 1 and 2 (but not with mod_perl 1.99). Portal and Manager
act as CGI, so they can work everywhere.
See INSTALL file in the source tree for a complete installation documentation.
Warning: Lemonldap::NG configuration has to be edited using the manager unless
you know exactly what you are doing. The parameters discussed here are all in
the configuration tree.
2.1 - Authentication
If a user isn't authenticated and attemps to connect to an area protected by a
Lemonldap::NG compatible handler, he is redirected to a portal. The portal
authenticates user with a ldap bind by default, but you can also use another
authentication sheme like using x509 user certificates (see
Lemonldap::NG::Portal::AuthSSL(3) for more).
Lemonldap use session cookies generated by Apache::Session so as secure as a
128-bit random cookie. You may use the securedCookie options to avoid session
You have to manage life of sessions by yourself since Lemonldap::NG knows
nothing about the L<Apache::Session> module you've choosed, but it's very easy
using a simple cron script because Lemonldap::NG::Portal stores the start
time in the _utime field.
By default, a session stay 10 minutes in the local storage, so in the worth
case, a user is authorized 10 minutes after he lost his rights.
2.2 - Authorization
Authorization is controled only by handlers because the portal knows nothing
about the way the user will choose. When configuring your Web-SSO, you have to:
* choose the ldap attributes you want to use to manage accounting and
* create Perl expressions to define user groups (using ldap attributes)
* create an array foreach virtual host associating URI regular expressions and
Perl expressions to use to grant access.
Example (See Lemonldap::NG::Manager::Conf(3) to see how configuration is stored
* Exported variables :
# Custom-Name => LDAP attribute
cn => cn
departmentUID => departmentUID
login => uid
* User groups :
# Custom-Name => group definition
group1 => { $departmentUID eq "unit1" or $login = "xavier.guimard" }
* Area protection:
# Each VirtualHost has its own configuration
# associating URL regexp to Perl expression
* :
^/protected/.*$ => $groups =~ /\bgroup1\b/
default => accept
* => {
^/site/.*$ => $uid eq "admin" or $groups =~ /\bgroup2\b/
^/(js|css) => accept
default => deny
2.2.1 - Performance
You can use Perl expressions as complicated as you want and you can use all
the exported LDAP attributes (and create your own attributes: with 'macros'
mechanism) in groups evaluations, area protections or custom HTTP headers
(you just have to call them with a "$").
You have to be careful when choosing your expressions:
* groups and macros are evaluated each time a user is redirected to the portal
* virtual host rules and exported headers are evaluated for each request on a
protected area.
It is also recommanded to use the groups mechanism to avoid having to evaluate
a long expression at each HTTP request:
# Virtual hosts :
... :
^/protected/.*$ => $groups =~ /\bgroup1\b/
You can also use LDAP filters, or Perl expression or mixed expressions in
groups definitions. Perl expressions has to be enclosed with {}:
* group1 => (|(uid=xavier.guimard)(ou=unit1))
* group1 => {$uid eq "xavier.guimard" or $ou eq "unit1"}
* group1 => (|(uid=xavier.guimard){$ou eq "unit1"})
It is also recommanded to use Perl expressions to avoid requiering the LDAP
server more than 2 times per authentication.
2.3 - Accounting
2.3.1 - Logging portal access>
Lemonldap::NG::Portal doesn't log anything by default, but it's easy to
overload log method for normal portal access.
2.3.2 - Logging application access
Because a Web-SSO knows nothing about the protected application, it can't do
more than logging URL. As Apache does this fine, L<Lemonldap::NG::Handler>
gives it the name to used in logs. The whatToTrace parameter indicates
which variable Apache has to use ($uid by default).
The real accounting has to be done by the application itself which knows the
result of SQL transaction for example.
Lemonldap::NG can export HTTP headers either using a proxy or protecting
directly the application. By default, the Auth-User field is used but you can
change it using the exportedHeaders parameters (in the Manager, each virtual
host as custom headers branch). This parameters contains an associative array
per virtual host:
* keys are the names of the choosen headers
* values are Perl expressions where you can use user datas stored in the
global storage.
* :
Auth-User => $uid
Unit => $ou
* :
Authorization => "Basic ".encode_base64($employeeNumber.":dummy")
Remote-IP => $ip
Lemonldap::NG use 3 levels of cache for authenticated users:
* an Apache::Session::* module used by lemonldap::NG::Portal to store
authenticated user parameters,
* a Cache::Cache* module used by Lemonldap::NG::Handler to share authenticated
users between Apache's threads or processus and of course between virtual
hosts on the same machine
* Lemonldap::NG::Handler variables : if the same user use the same thread or
processus a second time, no request are needed to grant or refuse access.
This is very efficient with HTTP/1.1 Keep-Alive system.
So the number of request to the central storage is limited to 1 per active
user each 10 minutes.
Lemonldap::NG is very fast, but you can increase performance using a
Cache::Cache module that does not use disk access.
Xavier Guimard,
Copyright (C) 2005-2007 by Xavier Guimard
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.4 or,
at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.
* Help english
* Help generalParameters
* Help in Static
CREATE TABLE sessions (
id char(32) not null primary key,
a_session text